Today Space is the last frontier in our constant search for better health and quality of life. That is because some discoveries about health and some treatments that we have come to trust in the last few years began with space programs.
The atmosphere around the International Space Station combined with the needs of making mechanical repairs in space and research efforts beyond our universe have led to some quite amazing technologies.
The ISS is a space-based scientific laboratory, designed primarily for basic research in the fields of biology and biotechnology, Earth and space sciences, physics and materials science, human health research, and Development of technology. But what about the ISS that could be an advantage in scientific experimentation with respect to laboratories on Earth?
The answer is found in the effect equivalent to the lack of gravity experienced at the station.
Do you want to know how the pharmaceutical industry has developed new technologies and treatments for health using the space race ?. Well, I describe it now:
1. A different way of taking the temperature
In 1991, Diatek Corporation patented an electronic thermometer whose technology was developed by the NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory in California. With the purpose of taking a reading of the infrared radiation emitted by the stars.
2. A Relief for Asthma Patients
When astronauts are in space, their vitals are constantly measured. In Sweden, the Airway Monitoring Experiment is testing how much nitric oxide is in astronauts’ lungs.
According to the European Space Agency, “Small amounts are normal, but excess levels indicate airway inflammation caused by environmental factors such as dust and pollutants or diseases like asthma.”
While there needs to be more data in order to fully understand how to apply these findings, it’s Studies like this are helping to shape our understanding of lung health on planet Earth.
3. A new horizon in the prevention of osteoporosis
Astronauts experience loss of mass in their bones in space at a rate of about ten times that of osteoporosis.
Daily exercise helps combat this, in addition to taking a weekly dose of bisphosphonate, both are discoveries that are already helping to alleviate the effects of aging at home.
4. Surgery with robotic arm
The robotic arm was developed so that the astronauts could avoid the high-risk spacewalks, and make repairs in the ISS from the one of the ship
Robotic arm technology found its place on Earth in the form of neuroArm, and is helping to make surgeries safer by performing complicated and delicate procedures such as removing a brain tumor.
5. Making braces less noticeable
Dental innovations and space exploration have long had a close relationship. The advances in fillings technologies and learning about tooth loss to combat water contamination during procedures and even relieve pain.
Anyone who has braces should know that it had its origin as a military product. The invisible brackets are made of transparent polycrystalline alumina (TPA), a material that is stronger than steel and was first developed by NASA to track missiles.
Innovation is born from the solution of problems that the specialists of the space technology know well. As time goes by and we look to the future of medical innovation, where medical procedures are more effective and material science is developed day after day, we must know that as the space race advances the science applied to the Health too.