People who have type 2 diabetes have a significantly higher risk of heart disease. In addition, many people with diabetes have other conditions that increase the chances of suffering from cardiovascular disease.
Diabetes is a chronic disease characterized by high levels of glucose in the blood. It is caused by genetic and environmental factors, especially this is associated with obesity and overweight.
Why is diabetes a cardiovascular risk factor?
Too much sugar in the blood causes many complications in the blood vessels (arteries and veins). Its severity depends on the levels of glucose concentration in the blood.
To avoid its consequences it is necessary to prevent cardiovascular risk factors, especially if you suffer from hypertension, smoke, are obese, or do not practice any physical activity and have high cholesterol levels.
That is why it is important for you to follow healthy habits.
These recommendations will help you prevent cardiovascular risk:
1 You must take care of your diet
You need to follow a balanced diet to have very low blood glucose values.
Eating well will help prevent, delay and treat possible complications of diabetes. While there is no single diet, follow the recommendations of the American Diabetes Association to choose the right foods, plan healthy meals and get all the nutrients, keeping calories low.
2 You must maintain an adequate weight
Obesity is a cause for the development of heart disease. Excess body fat makes it difficult for people with type 2 diabetes to use their own insulin.
Losing weight will help lower your blood sugar levels and lower your blood pressure.
3 You must check your blood sugar level
Maintaining a controlled blood glucose level will reduce your cardiovascular risk.
Most people with diabetes check their blood sugar every day. Exercising frequently and eating a healthy diet will help you control your blood sugar. In some cases, it is necessary to take medications.
4 You should increase physical activity
Dedicar tan solo 2 horas y media a la semana de actividad física de intensidad moderada puede reducir en un 14 % el riesgo de enfermedad cardíaca coronaria, según un estudio de la Universidad de Harvard.
Lack of exercise is responsible for many heart diseases.
5 Watch your blood pressure
High blood pressure is a risk factor for many cardiovascular diseases and kidney disease. It is recommended that you measure your blood pressure every day.
Lifestyle changes to control blood sugar levels and reduce heart risk can help you keep your blood pressure at safe levels.
6 Decrease your cholesterol level
If you lower total cholesterol, you will reduce your risk of having a heart attack, as there is an association between excess cholesterol in the blood and the risk of suffering cardiovascular accidents.
If you choose a healthy diet low in cholesterol you will not only be able to reduce bad cholesterol (LDL cholesterol) also increase good cholesterol (HDL cholesterol).
7 Stop smoking
Smoking is bad for your health, and if you are diabetic, it would be worse. Smoking is one of the most important risk factors for heart disease.
If you are diabetic and you smoke you are increasing the risk of a heart attack.
It also has a negative effect on blood vessels. If you stop smoking, your risk is halved, as the American Heart Association said.